These are some of the more frequent cancers found in the World.
1- Breast cancer
In the American Cancer Society report, 226,870 new cases of breast cancer that are invasive were anticipated to be diagnosed in 2012 across the U.S.
The list excludes skin cancers, but breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women.
Breast cancer is the second cause of cancer-related deaths among females (after lung cancer).
Cancer is one of the conditions that cause cells within the body to grow and expand beyond their limits. The majority of cancerous cells develop into the form of a mass or lump, which is called a tumor. They are named in honor of the area of the body in which the tumor begins.
Breast cancer is a disease that begins within the breast tissue, consisting of glands responsible for the production of milk, known as”globules,” and the ducts that connect two lobules with the nipple. The rest of the breast comprises connective, fatty, and lymphatic tissues.
Different Types of Breast Cancer
- Ductal carcinoma in situ
- Invasive (or infiltrating) breast cancer
2 – Skin cancer
Skin cancer is classified into the melanoma and non-melanoma classifications. Melanoma that is not non-melanoma (basal cells and squamous skin cancer) is the most common type, with more than 2,000,000 cases predicted to be diagnosed by 2012.
The majority of these types of cancer can be treated. However, melanoma is the most dangerous type that is a form of cancer on the skin. It is a concern for about five percent of those diagnosed with skin cancer, but it is responsible for more than 75 percent of skin cancer deaths. In 2012, 76.250 new cases of melanoma were expected to develop.
It is among the more frequent kind of cancer. It is a result of abnormal development in the skin’s cells. These cells are also why doctors identify the kind of cancer on the skin.
The most effective way to comprehend how skin cancer develops is to know the various types and their effects on our bodies.
Skin cancer types
- Cellular carcinoma of the basal
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Merkel cell skin cancer
- Skin Lymphoma
- Kaposi sarcoma
- Actin keratosis
3 – Thyroid cancer
Three out of four instances of thyroid cancer happen in women. Surprisingly, it’s increasing at the fastest rate for women and men. A lump on the neck is among the prevalent signs of cancerous thyroid. Several new thyroid tumors were anticipated for 2012 across the U.S., and the condition caused 1,780 deaths.
Thyroid cancer is a disease that affects the thyroid gland, a tiny circular gland that is located at the neck’s base. The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolic rate (how your body utilizes energy). The thyroid hormones can also control the body’s temperatures, blood pressure, and heart rate. Thyroid cancer is an endocrine tumor that is usually extremely manageable with an extremely high cure rate.
Thyroid cancer types
4 – Prostate cancer
The estimate is that 1 out of six people living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. It’s the most often diagnosed cancer in males (excluding skin cancer) and is the second most frequent cause of death.
Around 241,740 new cases were reported in 2012, with an estimated number of men expected to die of the disease. PSA exams and digital rectal examinations (DRE) could aid early detection.
Prostate cancer is among the most prevalent kinds of cancer. Prostate cancers tend to grow slowly and are restricted to the prostate gland, which is where they are unlikely to cause any serious damage. While some kinds of prostate cancer develop slowly and may require little or no treatment, others are more extremely aggressive and may spread rapidly.
5 – Colorectal cancer
A total of 103,170 colon cancer cases and 40,290 rectal cancer cases were anticipated to be diagnosed in 2012. Colorectal cancer does not discriminate. It’s the third most frequent cancer that affects women and men. Colorectal cancer is expected to cause nine percent of all cancer-related deaths in 2012.
Colorectal cancer begins in the colon or the rectum. Depending on where they begin, they may be referred to as rectal cancer or colon cancer. Colon cancer, as well as rectal cancer, are typically groupings because they share many similar characteristics.
Cancer types in the rectum and colon.
- Carcinoid tumors
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumors
6 – Endometrial cancer
The uterine corpus cancer typically occurs within the endometrium (uterus liner). Abnormal bleeding is usually an early indicator of this kind of cancer. In 2012 The American Cancer Society estimated 47,130 new cases of corpus uteri cancer. Treatment options comprise radiation, surgery, hormonal treatments, and chemotherapy, dependent on the stage of cancer.
Endometrial cancer develops when cells of the endometrium (the inner layer that surrounds the uterus) begin to expand beyond control. Cells found in almost every part of the body may develop into cancerous and spread to other organs.
Endometrial cancer (also known as endometrial cancer) originates within the cells of inside linings that line inside your uterus (the endometrium). It is the most prevalent form of cancer found in the uterus.
Endometrial cancers can be classified based on how the cells appear in a microscope.
Types of cancers of the endometrium
- Uterine carcinosarcoma
- Cancer of the squamous cells
- Small cell carcinoma
- Transitional carcinoma
- Serous carcinoma
7 – Kidney (renal) cancer
It is estimated that the American Cancer Society estimated 64,770 new kidneys (renal) cancer cases in 2012, with 13,570 deaths from the disease. Tobacco is a significant risk cause for kidney cancer as well as overweight, as well as hypertension.
Kidney cancer is a form of cancer that starts within the kidneys. The kidneys are two organs that look like beans and are about as big as your hand. They are located just behind the abdominal organs, with one kidney located on either side in front of you.
Different types of cancers in the kidney
- Recurrent cell carcinoma
- Clear renal cell carcinoma
- Cancers of the renal cells that are non-clear.
8- Bladder cancer
The presence of blood in urine is a typical indication of bladder cancer in the urinary tract. The number of cases was estimated to be 73,510. Of cancer were predicted in 2012. In the various stages of bladder cancer, the five-year overall survival rate is around 80 percent. Surgery (alone or with other treatment options) is performed in 90 % of cases.
Bladder cancer usually starts in the cell (urothelial cells) that form the bladder’s inside. Urothelial cells also reside in your kidneys and those tubes (ureters) that connect your renal organs and the bladder. Urothelial cancer can occur in the kidneys and the ureters, but it’s more prevalent in the bladder.
The types of bladder cancer
- Urothelial cancer
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
9 – Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
You may have heard that one of the main symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s lupus (NHL) is swelling of lymph nodes. Thirty distinct types of NHL exist. The estimate was that the number of cases of this kind of cancer would be diagnosed in 2012.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the most common type of lymphoma. Many subtypes fall into this category.
Diffuse B-cell lymphoma with large B-cells and follicular lymphoma are two of the most popular subtypes.
The second general type of lymphoma is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
Types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- B-cell vs. T-cell lymphomas
- Indolent vs. aggressive lymphomas
10- Lung cancer
In 2012, 226.160 new lung cancer cases were predicted to develop in the U.S. Lung cancer is responsible for around 28 percent of deaths from cancer. A total of 160,340 deaths are expected to be caused by lung cancer in 2012.
Five-year survival rates for the various types of lung cancer are only 16 percent. For cases detected with the disease still localized, it is 53 percent. Smoking cigarettes is the most significant risk cause of lung cancer.
Lung cancer has been identified as the most common cancer cause that kills people around the World.
Smokers have the highest risk of developing lung cancer, but lung cancer can occur in those who haven’t had a cigarette. The risk of getting lung cancer rises with time and the number of cigarettes you’ve consumed. Even after smoking for several years, you’ll be able to dramatically decrease the chance of getting lung cancer by quitting smoking.
Lung cancers in different forms
- Non-small cell lung cancer
- Small cell lung cancer
- Lung carcinoid tumors
Other common cancers
Also known as exocrine cancer, pancreatic cancer typically is not asymptomatic until it’s too late.
The survival rates for all stages include 25 percent over a single year and 6 percent over five years. Around 43,920 cases of new infections were anticipated in 2012, with 37,390 deaths.
Leukemia is also a frequent disease in the U.S., with 47,150 new disease cases in 2012.